[105], Each district is governed by a district collector or district magistrate, appointed by either the Indian Administrative Service or the West Bengal Civil Service. The total figure of population [216] Sir William Jones established the Asiatic Society in 1794 to promote oriental studies. Population density of West Bengal increased from 394 people per square kilometer in 1961 to 1,028 people per square kilometer in 2011 growing at an average annual rate of 17.70%. There are a small number of ethnic minorities primarily in the state capital, including : Chinese, Tamils, Maharashtrians, Odias, Assamese, Malayalis, Gujaratis, Anglo-Indians, Armenians, Jews, Punjabis and Parsis. Notable sports persons from West Bengal include former Indian national cricket team captain Sourav Ganguly, Pankaj Roy, Olympic tennis bronze medallist Leander Paes and chess grand master Dibyendu Barua. From the 3rd to the 6th centuries CE, the kingdom of Magadha served as the seat of the Gupta Empire. [195] Most of the people also consume eggs, chicken, mutton, and shrimp. There has been an Increase of 181.96 Million Persons in Absolute Number of Population in india during 2001 … The Durgapur centre has established a number of industries in the areas of tea, sugar, chemicals and fertilisers. [207], The University of Calcutta, the oldest and one of the most prestigious public universities in India, has 136 affiliated colleges. The West Bengal is the thirteenth-largest … As per the report published by the Census of India on 31st Mar., 2011, the state of West Bengal has got a total population of 91, 347, 736. The University of Calcutta and Jadavpur University are prestigious technical universities. Chhau dance of Purulia is a rare form of masked dance. There are 6567150 houses in the West Bengal. [146] Marwari, Maithili and Bhojpuri speakers are scattered throughout the state; various indigenous ethnic Buddhist communities such as the Sherpas, Bhutias, Lepchas, Tamangs, Yolmos and ethnic Tibetans can be found in the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region. [35] After a period of anarchy,[36]:36 the Pala dynasty ruled the region for four hundred years beginning in the 8th century. The Child sex ratio of rural areas in West Bengal was 959 girls per 1000 boys. Similarly in rural areas of West Bengal, the [86], The "India State of Forest Report 2017", recorded forest area in the state is 16,847 km2 (6,505 sq mi),[87][88] while in 2013, forest area was 16,805 km2 (6,488 sq mi), which was 18.93% of the state's geographical area, compared to the then national average of 21.23%. West Bengal Population Density 2011 – Census 2021 Data will be updated soon. [217] In 1855 the Hindu College was renamed the Presidency College. The main seasons are summer, the rainy season, a short autumn and winter. [54] In 1950 the Princely State of Cooch Behar merged with West Bengal. 2011: Total area of West Bengal is 88,752 sq. [197] Sweets occupy an important place in the diet of Bengalis and at their social ceremonies. Post independence, West Bengal's economy is based on agricultural production and small and medium-sized enterprises. Density of West Bengal is 1,028 per sq km which is higher than national average 382 per sq km. [176] Other writers include: Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay, best known for his work Pather Panchali; Tarashankar Bandopadhyay, well known for his portrayal of the lower strata of society;[177] Manik Bandopadhyay, a pioneering novelist; and Ashapurna Devi, Shirshendu Mukhopadhyay, Saradindu Bandopadhyay, Buddhadeb Guha, Mahashweta Devi, Samaresh Majumdar, Sanjeev Chattopadhyay, Shakti Chattopadhyay, Buddhadeb Basu,[178] Joy Goswami and Sunil Gangopadhyay. All towns in the districts of: Nadia, North 24 Parganas, Hooghly, Burdwan and East Midnapore are ODF zones, with Nadia becoming the first ODF district in the state in April 2015. [57], The state's economic recovery gathered momentum after the central government introduced economic liberalisations in the mid-1990s. Bagdogra Airport near Siliguri is a customs airport that offers international service to Bhutan and Thailand, besides regular domestic service. [56] The 1974 smallpox epidemic killed thousands. Population, decadal growth rate and net change of West Bengal from 1901 to 2011. Similarly the average sex ratio in rural areas of West Bengal was 953 females West Bengal Population density is 2nd highest in India. literacy rate is 70.54% in West Bengal. average literacy rate was 72.13 percent. It has been observed that there has been a slow but steady decline in the percentage share of industry and agriculture over the years. It was one of the four main kingdoms of India at the time of the lives of Mahavira, the principal figure of Jainism and Gautama Buddha, founder of Buddhism. Population density of Jharkhand is 414 people per square kilomtre and the population density of Bihar is 1,102 people per square kilomtre. [77][78], West Bengal is on the eastern bottleneck of India, stretching from the Himalayas in the north to the Bay of Bengal in the south. It is the fourth most populous state in India and the fourteenth-largest Indian state by area. Thus the population of It consisted of several janapadas, or kingdoms. In Darjeeling, which is above 1,500 metres (4,900 ft), temperate forest trees like oaks, conifers and rhododendrons predominate. [133][134] The Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR) serves the northern parts of the state. Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs. The minimum population density works out in Arunachal Pradesh (17) for both 2001 and 2011 Census. Of that, male literacy stands at 81.69 percent while female literacy is at 70.54 percent. Handlooms are a popular way for the state's rural population to earn a living through weaving. In contrast, the service sector has grown at a rate higher than the national rate. 1.028 (People per square kilometer) in 2011. The Kolkata metro is the country's first underground railway. [4] As of 2001, in decreasing order of number of speakers, the languages of the state are: Bengali (85.27%), Hindi (7.17%), Santali (2.80%), Urdu (2.06%), and Nepali (1.28%). As stated by the census conducted in 2001, the population density of West Bengal … The population density of Bihar and West Bengal has breached the 1,000 mark. ", "West Bengal tax revenue up 19% on greater efficiency", "Revenue collection: Mamata Banerjee's West Bengal beats rest of India in growth", "Bharat Bandh gets mixed response from India, West Bengal surprises with business-as-usual attitude", "Zero-strike work culture has resulted in no days loss: Moloy Ghatak", "Report on Fifth Annual Employment-Unemployment Survey (2015–16)", "Waiting for health care: a survey of a public hospital in Kolkata", "West Bengal: health systems development initiative programme memorandum", "Impact of social sector development in West Bengal – Midnapore and Birbhum districts", "Six killed as farmers and communists clash in West Bengal", "West Bengal political violence continues", "Unknown vs The State of West Bengal on 14 November, 2014", "Defective blood-test kits in West Bengal", "Alarming rise in bacterial percentage in Ganga waters", "1.04 cr hit by arsenic contamination in Bengal", "Under 7-inch snow, Sandakphu a hot favourite among tourists now", "Bengal green cover up by just 21 sq km, aided by plantations", "Forest and tree resources in states and union territories: West Bengal", "World's largest mangrove forest under threat", "State animals, birds, trees and flowers", West Bengal Human Development Report 2004, "TMC registers strong wins in Bengal by-elections", "Gorkhaland Territorial Administration Agreement signed", "Section 2 of West Bengal Panchayat Act, 1973 – West Bengal Judicial Academy", "Directory of district, sub division, panchayat samiti/ block and gram panchayats in West Bengal, March 2008", "Urban agglomerations/cities having population 1 million and above", The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, census 2011", "Geography's Curse: India's Vulnerable 'Chicken's Neck, "Net state domestic product at factor cost—state-wise (at current prices)", "GSDP at current prices, 2004–05 series (2004–05 to 2014–15)", "Centre accepts Bengal GDP has crossed Rs 10L cr", "GSDP at current prices, Percent growth (2004–05 to 2014–15)", "Per Capita NSDP at current prices, Percent growth (2004–05 to 2014–15) – NITI Aayog", "About West Bengal State: Tourism, Industries, Agriculture, Economy & Geography", "Mamata seeks debt restructuring plan for West Bengal", "A year of shutdowns in Bengal's industry", "Darjeeling fears continuing Gorkhaland agitation to hurt festive tourism business", "Business environment satisfactory in West Bengal: Survey", "West Bengal bags top spot in Ease of Doing Business; Here's the full ranking list", "Industrial Development in West Bengal, GSDP of West Bengal", "Statewise Length of national highways in India", "Kolkata Metro is now the 17th zone of Indian Railways", "Profile on Kazi Nazrul Islam International Airport", "Air India operates inaugural flight between Durgapur & Kolkata", "Bengal transport dept to offer VRS to over 4,000 employees", "[IRFCA] Indian Railways FAQ: IR History: Early Days – 1", "Language – India, States and Union Territories", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "Population by religion community – 2011", "Could it take two to tango with Mamata? West Bengal accounts for 7.55% of the total population of India. For working out the density of India and Jammu & Kashmir the entire area and population of those portions of Jammu & Kashmir which are under illegal occupation of Pakistan and China have not been taken into account. Новини новини ФК Маестро. Marwari, Maithili and Bhojpuri speakers are scattered throughout the state; various indigenous ethnic Buddhist communities such as the Sherpas, Bhutias, Lepchas, Tamangs, Yolmos and ethnic Tibetans In 2003 the state government supported the creation of West Bengal University of Technology, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, West Bengal State University, and Gour Banga University. [188][189][190], There are significant examples of fine arts in Bengal from earlier times, including the terracotta art of Hindu temples and the Kalighat paintings. The Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science is the first research institute in Asia. All are important cultural events. [23] However, the central government has turned down the proposal maintaining the state should have one single name for all languages instead of three and it should not be the same as that of any other territory (pointing out that the name 'Bangla' may create confusion with neighbouring Bangladesh). City Size and Population Density. As of 2011 West Bengal has a population density of 1029 inhabitants per square. Now, if we see the population density of a US city, for example Califronia, it is 251 people per square kilometre. As per the Census 2011, West Bengal has population of 91276115 and area is spread in 88752 Km 2.West Bengal population density is 1028 Persons/Km 2 as per India Census 2011 data and sex ratio is 950 per 1000 Male. As per the Census 2011, the Average Sex Ration of West Bengal is 950 which is [233] Private FM stations are available only in cities like Kolkata, Siliguri, and Asansol. At least nine districts in the state suffer from arsenic contamination of groundwater, and as of 2017 an estimated 1.04 crore people were afflicted by arsenic poisoning. The population density … The population is 91,347,736 and is the fourth most populous state in India. 2020 West Bengal Population: Sex Ratio, Literacy, Projected … [158], The literacy rate is 77.08%, higher than the national rate of 74.04%. [118]:14 Tea is produced commercially in northern districts; the region is well known for Darjeeling and other high-quality teas. [75][76] In 2006 the state's healthcare system was severely criticised in the aftermath of the West Bengal blood test kit scam. The Indian National Army was subsequently routed by the British. [90] Extant wildlife includes Indian rhinoceros, Indian elephant, deer, leopard, gaur, tiger and crocodiles, as well as many bird species. Darjeeling's schools include: St. Paul's, St. Joseph's North Point, Goethals Memorial School, and Dow Hill in Kurseong. [206], Eid al-Fitr is the most important Muslim festival in West Bengal. [211], Some of the notable schools in the city are: Ramakrishna Mission Narendrapur, Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission, Sister Nivedita Girls' School, Hindu School, Hare School, La Martiniere Calcutta, Calcutta Boys' School, St. James' School (Kolkata), South Point School, St. Xavier's Collegiate School, and Loreto House, Loreto Convent, Asansol some of which rank amongst the best schools in the country. The Rarh region intervenes between the Ganges delta in the east and the western plateau and high lands. [183] Like other states in northern India, West Bengal also has a heritage in North Indian classical music. The movement had many adherents, including: Gaganendranath Tagore, Ramkinkar Baij, Jamini Roy and Rabindranath Tagore. (1955). In 2011, Bankura had population of 3,596,292 of […] Test Prep. [204] On Vijayadashami, the last day of the festival, the effigies are paraded through the streets with riotous pageantry before being dumped into the rivers. [147] Surjapuri, a language considered to be a mix of Maithili and Bengali, is spoken across northern parts of the state. [40] Later, in 1576, it was absorbed into the Mughal Empire. Bengali Hindus comprise the majority of the population. of urban population was 29,093,002 out of which 14,964,082 were males while remaining 14,128,920 were females. The growth rate was 12.62% in 2014–2015. 176. stood at 78.44% and As per the Census India 2011, Murshidabad district has 1570759 households, population of 7103807 of which 3627564 are males and 3476243 are females. [45] The Bengal Presidency was established in 1765; it later incorporated all British-controlled territory north of the Central Provinces (now Madhya Pradesh), from the mouths of the Ganges and the Brahmaputra to the Himalayas and the Punjab. [194] Bengal's vast repertoire of fish-based dishes includes hilsa preparations, a favourite among Bengalis. Population. The state contributes 42 seats to the Lok Sabha[100] and 16 seats to the Rajya Sabha of the Indian Parliament. Terms of office run for five years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. [210], As of 2016 85% of children within the 6 to 17-year age group attend school (86% do so in urban areas and 84% in rural areas). The British East India Company defeated Siraj ud-Daulah, the last independent Nawab, in the Battle of Plassey in 1757. Population of West Bengal According to Census 2011. [84] A cold and dry northern wind blows in the winter, substantially lowering the humidity level. The highest daytime temperatures range from 38 °C (100 °F) to 45 °C (113 °F). The Council of Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly. [156] The Hindu population of West Bengal is 64,385,546 while the Muslim population is 24,654,825, according to the 2011 census. In 2001, density of West Bengal was 903 per sq km, while nation average in 2001 was 324 per sq km. [34] Shashanka is often recorded in Buddhist annals as an intolerant Hindu ruler noted for his persecution of the Buddhists. [230] Ananda Bazar Patrika, published in Kolkata with 1,277,801 daily copies, has the largest circulation for a single-edition, regional language newspaper in India. Images of Jagannath are set upon a chariot and pulled through the streets. [97] The high-altitude forests of Singalila National Park shelter barking deer, red panda, chinkara, takin, serow, pangolin, minivet and kalij pheasants. [172] Other notable figures include Kazi Nazrul Islam, whose compositions form the avant-garde genre of Nazrul Sangeet,[173] Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, whose works on contemporary social practices in Bengal are widely acclaimed,[174] and Manik Bandyopadhyay, who is considered one of the leading lights of modern Bengali fiction. FACTS ABOUT WEST BENGAL: Since independence in 1947, Durga Puja has slowly changed into more of a glamorous carnival than a religious festival. Prajna Bhavan, housing the School of Mathematical Sciences and School of RKMVU. World Population > India Population West Bengal Population West Bengal is the eastern state of India located along the Bay of Bengal in the east, bordering Bihar, Jharkhand to the west, Odisha to the north-west, Bangladesh to the east, Nepal and Bhutan to the north. As per the Census India 2011, Amta - I Taluk has 48898 households, population of 223218 of which 114487 are males and 108731 are females. [235][236][237], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}22°34′N 88°22′E / 22.567°N 88.367°E / 22.567; 88.367 (West Bengal), "Paschim Banga" redirects here. It is decked up in lighting decorations and thousands of colourful pandals are set up where effigies of the goddess Durga and her four children are displayed and worshipped. The state has a total area of 88,752 square kilometres (34,267 sq mi). Population growth of the state throughout the years has been strong and on the higher side with many people relocating over here from neighbouring areas. [13][14] There is moderate unemployment. Population of Children under the age of 0-6 is 6852, male child population under the age of six is 3558 and female child population under the age of six is 3294. West Bengal is 76.26% which is [141] There are also private bus companies. [41], Subsequent Muslim conquests helped spread Islam throughout the region. Details about the population of West Bengal based on India Census 2011. As per provisional reports of Census India, the population of West Bengal in 2011 is 91,276,115(9.12 Crore) [90] Part of the world's largest mangrove forest, the Sundarbans in southern West Bengal. [50] Between 1905 and 1911 an abortive attempt was made to divide the province of Bengal into two zones. Ross Mallick. West Bengal Population according to latest Census 2011 is 9,13,47,736. Here is the Population of West Bengal according to population percentage of districts in West Bengal. North Twenty Four Parganas [23][24][25], Stone Age tools dating back 20,000 years have been excavated in the state, showing human occupation 8,000 years earlier than scholars had thought. [3] West Bengal also has the 28th-highest ranking among Indian states in human development index, with the index value being less than that of India. The Left Front, led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist), governed the state for the next three decades. It is one of 15 Taluks of Haora district. In 2011 there were total 1232282 families residing in Nadia district. Although Hindus are the predominant community, the state has a large minority Muslim population. People such as Ram Mohan Roy, David Hare, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Alexander Duff and William Carey played leading roles in setting up modern schools and colleges in the city. According to the provisional results of the 2011 national census, West Bengal is the fourth-most-populous state in India with a population of 91,347,736 (7.55% of India's population). The idols of the goddess are brought in from Kumortuli, where idol-makers work throughout the year fashioning clay-models of the goddess. West Bengal has total population of 91,276,115 in which males were 46,809,027 It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim and Assam. West Bengal is a state in the eastern region of India. Total population of West Bengal as per 2011 census is 91,276,115 of which male and female are 46,809,027 and 44,467,088 respectively. [39] Following the Ghurid conquests led by Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji and the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate, it spread across the entire Bengal region. In 2011, population density for West Bengal was 1,028 people per square kilometer. [47] The failed Indian rebellion of 1857 started near Calcutta and resulted in a transfer of authority to the British Crown,[48] administered by the Viceroy of India. Bengali dance forms draw from folk traditions, especially those of the tribal groups, as well as the broader Indian dance traditions. In rural areas of West Bengal, male population was 31,844,945 [51] Bengal suffered from the Great Bengal famine in 1943, which claimed three million lives during World War II. As per the Census 2011, the total Population of West Bengal is 9.13 Cr. Though West Bengal population decadal growth fluctuated substantially in recent years, it tended to decrease through 1971 - 2011 period ending at 13.84 % in 2011. while females were 44,467,088. Density of population in India is 382 persons per sq km. University of Calcutta, the oldest public university of India. per 1000 males. West Bengal Population Census 2011, West Bengal Religion, … [43][44], Several European traders reached this area in the late 15th century. As per the report published by the Census of India on 31st Mar., 2011, the state of West Bengal has got a total population of 91, 347, 736. population of West Bengal was 61,538,281. West Bengal's total fertility rate was 1.6, lower than Bihar's 3.4, which is the highest in the entire country. It consists of two municipalities, viz. [94] The alluvial soil of the Gangetic plain, combined with favourable rainfall, makes this region especially fertile. Simultaneously, some parts of the region were ruled by several Hindu states, and Baro-Bhuyan landlords, and part of it was briefly overrun by the Suri Empire. [111], As of 2015[update], West Bengal has the sixth-highest GSDP in India. Rabindra Jayanti, Kolkata Book Fair, Kolkata Film Festival, and Nazrul Jayanti. The population of all cities and towns in the State of West Bengal by census years. Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan (VYBK), is a multipurpose stadium in Kolkata, with a current capacity of 85,000. Christians, Buddhists and others form a minuscule part of the population. The average sex ratio in urban regions of West Bengal was 944 females per 1000 males. Notes: a. In the same year, plans for a 300 billion Jindal Steel project was mothballed. Ancient Bengal was the site of several major Janapadas, while the earliest cities date back to the Vedic period. Census of India, 2011, West Bengal is the 4th most populous state (91,276,115 persons) of the country with a population density of 1,029 persons per sq. [199][200], Bengali women commonly wear the sari, often distinctly designed according to local cultural customs. The Vidyasagar College was established in 1872 and was the first purely Indian-run private college in India. Also the Child (0-6 age) sex ration of urban areas in West Bengal was 947 It was the gateway to the revolution of European education during the British Raj. [83], West Bengal's climate varies from tropical savanna in the southern portions to humid subtropical in the north. Some prominent financial dailies such as: The Economic Times, Financial Express, Business Line and Business Standard are widely circulated. Both West and East Bengal experienced large influxes of refugees during and after partition in 1947. [239], West Bengal has several large stadiums. The Governor is the Head of State appointed by the President of India. [123] Many major industries such as the Uttarpara Hindustan Motors car manufacturing unit, the jute industry, and the Haldia Petrochemicals unit experienced shutdowns in 2014. And it was the first research institute in Asia 5167600 as per population! The titular head of government is the fourth most populous state most populous state in the late 15th century women... 81,53,176 and Barddhaman 77,23,663 Khan conquered Bengal independence movement and has remained one of state appointed the... Major change when the Left population density of west bengal 2011, led by the President of India ( out of which rate. Forest, the population of West Bengal is divided into 23 districts passenger service Port! 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