The bark of C. capsularis and to a lesser extent that of C. olitorius constitute the chief source of the fibre jute, and these species are much cultivated in India and Bangladesh. In Ghana, it is mostly eaten by the people in the North and it is called ayoyo. Updates? It is also cultivated in the Amazon region of Brazil. For the fiber derived from these plants, see. Family Sparrmanniaceae Scientific name Corchorus capsularis L. WildNet taxon ID 35925 Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NCA) status Least concern Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Native Pest status Nil Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of … A. Whitlock, K. G. Karol, and W. S. Alverson. trop Links Replaced synonym of Corchorus cordifolius Salisb., Prodr. The name was established by Guillaumin in 1932 for the single species Oceanopapaver neocaledonicum Guillaumin from New Caledonia. Jute is confusingly applied to any plant of the genus Corchorus and to its fiber. The taste resembles that of spinach and samphire. Among more than 50 Corchorus species [2], only two (C. capsularis L. and C. olitorius L.) are grown com-mercially in subtropical and tropical regions [3]. Molokhia or Jute Malva (Corchorus olitorius L.) is a shrubby species belonging to the Malvaceae family. The flowers are small (2–3 cm diameter) and yellow, with five petals; the fruit is a many-seeded capsule. There are up to 40 species growing in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, America, and Australia. [7], In Sierra Leone it is known as krain krain (or crain crain) and is cooked as stew. The chief sources of the fiber are the two species of Corchorus plant: C olitorius and C capsularis. It is in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in October. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). Corchorus capsularis (5001305158).jpg 2,048 × 1,536; 1.22 MB Varieties of mallow-leaves stew with rice is a well known Middle Eastern cuisine. Family as entered in IPNI Tiliaceae Original Data Remarks Cosmop. [4][5], The fibers from Corchorus (known as jute)[7] are the most widely cultivated vegetable fiber after cotton. Jute (Corchorus spp.) It is in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in October. 2003. Last edited on 16 November 2020, at 12:05, Chloroplast DNA Sequences Confirm the Placement of the Enigmatic, "Cultivating research in a war-ravaged city", "Saluyot now a popular vegetable worldwide", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Corchorus&oldid=988989373, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 November 2020, at 12:05. The putative family name "Oceanopapaveraceae" has occasionally appeared in print and on the web but is a nomen nudum and has never been validly published nor recognised by any system of plant taxonomy. Chap. Rhizanota cannabina Lour. It contains around 40 to 100 species. Corchorus capsularis, commonly known as white jute, is a shrub species in the family Malvaceae. Usually it is lightly sauteed and eaten along with rice or rice gruel. The Songhai people of Mali call it fakohoy. In Nigerian cuisine, especially amongst the Yorubas, it is commonly used in a stew known as ewedu, a condiment to other starch-based foods such as amala or added with gbegiri a local nigeria soup. 2. It is commonly consumed as a leafy vegetable together with bamboo shoots.[13]. illeg. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. 1. altissima) are vegetable bast fibre plants next to cotton in importance.In the trade there are usually two names of jute, White and Tossa. UniParc. In Turkey and Cyprus, the plant is known as molohiya or molocha and is usually cooked into a kind of chicken stew. An infusion is used in the treatment of dysentery, fevers, dyspepsia and liver disorders. Pl. Corchorus olitorius. Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius are cultivated for their tenacious blast fibres, which yield jute of commerce. It has a mucilaginous (somewhat "slimy") texture, similar to okra, when cooked. Corchorus is a genus plant of about 40-100 species in the family Malvaceae. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. It is derived from the Ancient Greek word κόρχορος or κόρκορος (korkhoros or korkoros) which referred to a wild plant of uncertain identity, possibly jute or wild asparagus. Corchorus capsularis, commonly known as white jute, [2] is a shrub species in the family Malvaceae.It is one of the sources of jute fibre, considered to be of finer quality than fibre from Corchorus olitorius, the main source of jute.The leaves are used as a foodstuff and the leaves, unripe fruit and the roots are used in traditional medicine. Corchorus is a genus plant of about 40-100 species in the family Malvaceae. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [9] The leaves of Corchorus have been a staple Egyptian food since the time of the Pharaohs and it is from there that it gains its recognition and popularity. Medicinal: The fruits of Grewia asiatica are astringent, cooling and digestive. Latin name: Corchorus capsularis Family: Tiliaceae (Linden Family) Medicinal use of Jute: The leaves are appetizer, carminative, demulcent, laxative, stimulant and stomachic. x; UniProtKB. The plants are tall, usually annual herbs, reaching a height of 2–4 m, unbranched or with only a few side branches. The genus Corchorus is classified under the subfamily Grewioideae of the family Malvaceae. In North Africa and the Middle East, the young leaves of Corchorus species are known in Arabic as malukhiyah and are used as green leafy vegetables . Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. China 24: 152. Corchorus olitorius is used mainly in the cuisines of southern Asia, the Middle East, North Africa and West Africa, Corchorus capsularis in Japan and China. [2], The genus Oceanopapaver, previously of uncertain placement, has recently been synonymized under Corchorus. These two species of Corchorus are known as ewedu in Yoruba and they belong in the family Malvaceae.. Corchorus olitorius is a herbaceous plant with few branches. Botanical Aspect :-Jute (Corchorus capsularis & Corchorus olitorius), Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) and Roselle (H. sabdariffa var. Corchorus a genus of plants of the family Tiliaceae. In Thai cuisine, the leaves of the Corchorus olitorius (locally known as bai po; Thai: ใบปอ) are eaten blanched, together with plain rice congee. Jute (Corchorus spp. Same citation as Corchorus capsularis L., Species Plantarum (1753). Jute fi-bers have advantages such as good moisture absorption, Corchorus, genus of some 40–100 species of flowering plants of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). Leaves and seeds are edible and high in protein. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Corchorus species Corchorus capsularis Name Synonyms Corchorus cordifolius Salisb. Corrections? Allerton 366 (1796), nom. It is used in making gunny bags. Corchorus is a genus of about 40–100 species of flowering plants in the family Malvaceae, native to tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world.[1]. [8], Corchorus leaves are consumed in the cuisines of various countries. The root bark is used in rheumatism. noun. The chief sources of the fiber are the two species of Corchorus plant: C olitorius and C capsularis . Gene expression is spatiotemporal and is influenced by many factors. The seeds, however, are poisonous. It contains around 40 to 100 species. B. A new triterpine glycosides (capsin) and capsugenin 30-O-glucopyranoside were isolated from the leaves of Corchorus capsularis (27, 36-39). Corchorus capsularis is a ANNUAL/PERENNIAL growing to 3.5 m (11ft 6in) at a fast rate. Corchorus capsularis L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Corchorus (family Malvaceae ). Corchorus polygonatum H. Léveillé is a synonym of Tricyrtis pilosa Wallich in the Liliaceae (see Fl. The plant originated in China but is now grown in Bangladesh and India, and found spread across much of tropical Africa. A decoction of the roots and unripe fruits is used in the treatment of dysentery. Together with C. capsularis it is the primary source of jute fiber. 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