Botany Bay, inlet of the Tasman Sea (Pacific Ocean), indenting New South Wales, Australia. January 18 1788 – The First Fleet Arrives in Botany Bay, Australia 4 (80%) 4 votes A small English ship more than 10,000 miles from home slipped into Botany Bay on January 18, 1788 intent on bringing the most detestable of British society to the country Captain James Cook discovered nearly two decades before. When the convicts tried to cut them down, their tools broke and the tree trunks had to be blasted out of the ground with gunpowder. On the northern side of the mouth of the bay is the historic site of La Perouse, and to the south is Kurnell. 28 reviews. Despite its relative shallowness, the bay now serves as greater metropolitan Sydney's main cargo seaport, located at Port Botany, with facilities managed by Sydney Ports Corporation. January 26 commemorates the arrival of the First Fleet in Sydney Cove but the first of the 11 ships actually arrived at Botany Bay more than a week before, on January 18, 1788. Self-rule had been promised ...read more, The first Prohibition law in the history of the United States is passed in Tennessee, making it a misdemeanor to sell alcoholic beverages in taverns and stores. That history didn’t end in Botany Bay, 1788, and it’s high points, although they are among them, isn’t just Gallipoli 1915, or in the numerous corrections to sporadic injustices carried out by a Social Darwinist induced indifference towards Indigenous Australians. The northern headland of the entrance to the bay from the Tasman Sea is Cape Banks and, on the southern side, the outer headland is Cape Solander and the inner headland is Sutherland Point. That history didn’t end in Botany Bay, 1788, and it’s high points, although they are among them, isn’t just Gallipoli 1915, or in the numerous corrections to sporadic injustices carried out by a Social Darwinist induced indifference towards Indigenous Australians. BOTANY BAY - FIRST PENAL SETTLEMENT IN AUSTRALIA 1788 (G3b) xxxxx In 1788 Captain Arthur Phillip (1738-1814) arrived at Botany Bay, New South Wales, with 760 convicts to open up the first penal settlement in Australia. The Aboriginal people of Sydney were known as the Eora, with sub-groups derived from the languages they spoke. The total catchment area of the bay is approximately 55 km2 (21 sq mi). Roughly circular, about 5 miles (8 km) across and 1 mile (1.6 km) wide at its mouth (between the La Perouse and Kurnell peninsulas), it receives the Georges and Cooks rivers. 1978, pp. We pay our … Botany Bay National Park is located on the northern and southern headlands of the bay. Facsimile edition 1982. The country of origin, colonial distribution and gender breakdown of convicts are given in the adjacent figure. The bill stated that all persons convicted of retailing “spirituous liquors” would be fined at the “discretion of the ...read more, Spanish explorer Vicente Yanez Pinzon, who had commanded the Nina during Christopher Columbus’ first expedition to the New World, reaches the northeastern coast of Brazil during a voyage under his command. Captain Arthur Phillip, a tough but fair career naval officer, was charged with setting up the first penal colony in Australia. On the afternoon of 26 January, the remaining ships of First Fleet arrived at Sydney Cove. The shipping of convicts to Australia was the largest single migration the world had seen at the time (Hill, 2008). [6] That name was also recorded on an Admiralty chart. ease, the fleet arrived in Botany Bay on 19 January 1788 to develop the first British colony in Australia. Phillip, Arthur. ... Black-eyed Sue and Sweet Poll of Plymouth saying goodbye to their lovers who are about to be transported to Botany Bay, 1792. The land adjacent to Botany Bay was settled for many thousands of years by the Tharawal and Eora peoples and their associated clans. Convicts were often given pardons prior to or on complet… The premier site in convict Australia was Sy… The French who came to Australia after 1788, generally came in search of opportunity or new horizons. Over the next 60 years, approximately 50,000 criminals were transported from Great Britain to the “land down under,” in one of the strangest episodes in criminal-justice history. On 26 January, the Supply left the bay to move up to Port Jackson and anchor in Sydney Cove. Sydney Airport, Australia's busiest airport, sits on the northwestern side of Botany Bay. [8], The area was studded with enormously strong trees. Charles Gore (1788) / State Library of NSW. Shortly afterwards a penal colony was establishment on Norfolk Island, an uninhabited island in the Pacific Ocean. Hutchinson of Australia, Vic. The journey took between 250 and 258 days – from first to last ship arrival – from Portsmouth to Botany Bay: the route taken was via Tenerife, Rio de Janeiro and … It was said that blood was usually drawn after five lashes and convicts ended up walking home in boots filled with their own blood–that is, if they were able to walk at all. [9] As such, Phillip decided instead to move to the excellent natural harbour of Port Jackson to the north.[10]. There were two major convict colonies: New South Wales (1788-1840) and Van Diemen’s Land (later Tasmania, 1803-1853). Later the British planned Botany Bay as the site for a penal colony. The first few years were difficult, with severe food shortages; by 1792, however, there were government farms and private gardens. The convict village that founded Australia 1788-1790. [5] Initially the name Stingrays Harbour was used by Cook and other journal keepers on his expedition, for the stingrays they caught. One of pre-war Russia’s most prosperous areas, the vast, flat ...read more, The most decorated man of the war, American Lt. Audie Murphy, is wounded in France. The first container terminal at Port Botany, east of the airport, was completed during the 1970s and is the largest container terminal in Sydney. The western shores of the bay feature many popular swimming beaches including Lady Robinsons Beach and are highly urbanised. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. The first 736 convicts banished from England to Australia land in Botany Bay. A native of Birmingham, Alabama, Dr. Rice’s credentials included advanced ...read more, Mistakenly believing Frank and Jesse James are hiding out at their family home, a gang of men–likely led by Pinkerton detectives–mount a raid that leaves the outlaws’ mother permanently maimed and their nine-year-old half-brother dead. Australia was originally established as a penal colony. Botany Bay January 1788. There’s been a lot of anger about the idea of changing Australia Day but the date hasn’t always been so set in stone. The world's largest population of weedy sea dragon ever surveyed is found at the 'Steps' dive site, on the Kurnell side of the Botany Bay National Park. On January 26, 1926, John Logie Baird, a Scottish inventor, gives the first public demonstration of a true television system in London, launching a revolution in communication and entertainment. 121–123, Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street, Geographical Names Board of New South Wales, "A Short History of the City of Botany Bay", "Entrance of Endeavour River in New South Wales. Born the son of Texas sharecroppers on June 20, 1924, Murphy served three years of active duty, beginning as a private, rising to the rank of staff sergeant, and finally winning a battlefield ...read more. The First Fleet, containing the officers and convicts who would first settle Australia, arrived in Botany Bay on 18 January 1788. In total there were 97 air attacks on northern Australia and enemy air reconnaissance over the region continued through much of 1944. The only hope of escape from the horror of Norfolk Island was a “game” in which groups of three prisoners drew straws. The ships arrived at Botany Bay on January 20th 1788. Land access to the area was difficult until a route from the west was established via Canterbury. Although not confined behind bars, most convicts in Australia had an extremely tough life. Although his initial instructions were to establish the colony at Botany Bay, he was authorised to establish the colony elsewhere if necessary. The fleet reached Botany Bay on January 19–20, 1788. In 1793, within five (5) years of invading New Holland (Australia) Britain, under Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger, was at war with France. the Botany Bay Watch Project[13] has begun with volunteers assisting to monitor and protect the Bay Catchment and its unique marine life. The voyage took over eight months to complete. A second container terminal was completed during the 1980s and bulk liquid storage facilities are located on the northern and southern edge of the bay. However, in the journal prepared later from his log, Cook wrote instead: (sic) "The great quantity of plants Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander found in this place occasioned my giving it the name of Botanist Botany Bay". Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia, descended from groups that existed in Australia and surrounding islands before British colonisation. As this route developed it became known as Illawarra Road, which is still one of the main access routes to the south-eastern suburbs of Sydney. The Aboriginal people of Sydney were known as the Eora, with sub-groups derived from the languages they spoke. Unfortunately, it was soon realised that the bay was not as favourable as they had hoped. On the morning of 24 January the French exploratory expedition of Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse was seen outside Botany Bay. Dr. Travell possessed an impressive resume that included graduating with honors ...read more, On January 26, 2005, President George W. Bush appoints Condoleezza Rice to the post of secretary of state, making her the highest ranking African-American woman ever to serve in a presidential cabinet. Although the penal settlement was almost immediately shifted to Sydney Cove, for some time in Britain transportation to "Botany Bay" was a metonym for transportation to any of the Australian penal settlements. The conquest and occupation of New Holland in 1788 was remarkably prescient. The area surrounding the bay is generally managed by Roads and Maritime Services. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. The accepted wisdom of the upper and ruling classes in 18th century England was that criminals were inherently defective. The bunkers were built by the military during WWII and still remain.[12]. On January 20, 1788, the First Fleet of 11 ships arrived at Botany Bay after a three-month journey from Portsmouth, England. The good supply of fresh water in the area led to the expansion of its population in the 19th century. The colony's Governor, Captain Arthur Phillip, immediately determined that there was insufficient fresh water, an absence of usable timber, poor quality soil and no safe harbour at Botany Bay. Despite its relative isolation, the southern shore of the bay is dominated by an unusual mixture of pristine national park and heavy industrial use that includes Kurnell Desalination Plant, the Caltex Fuel Terminal, sewer treatment, and historical sand mining facilities. Botany Bay, 1788, akvarel af Charles Gore Botany Bay spillede en central rolle i kolonialiseringen af Australien. Cook's landing marked the beginning of Britain's interest in Australia and in the eventual colonisation of this new "southern continent". The First Fleet is the name given to the eleven ships that left Great Britain, bound for Australia on 13 May 1787, with the first ship arriving at Botany Bay on the 18 January 1788 (with the fleet moving on to the more suitable Port Jackson on 26 January). Archaeological evidence from the shores of Botany Bay has yielded evidence of an Aboriginal settlement dating back 5,000 years. The arrival of the ships at Botany Bay on 21st January 1788 was met initially with relief at finally having reached their destination. Den engelske opdagelsesrejsende løjtnant James Cook gik i land søndag 29. april 1770 på Silver Beach ved Kurnell i den sydlige del af Botany Bay. Emu, or `New genus of Bird at Botany bay 1788', Arthur Bowes Smyth - drawings from his journal `A Journal of a Voyage from Portsmouth to New South Wales and China in the Lady Penrhyn ...', 1787-1789 1788 January 26 First Australian penal colony established The first 736 convicts banished from England to Australia land in Botany Bay. “A ...read more, On January 26, 1950, the Indian constitution takes effect, making the Republic of India the most populous democracy in the world. Botany and the colonisation of Australia in 1770 Botanist Joseph Banks recommended Botany Bay as the site for a penal colony. _____ This resource was created on the lands of the Gubbi Gubbi people. The convicts were chained beneath the deck during the entire hellish six-month voyage. The 42-year-old woman was the third victim in 18 months to be found dismembered with precision. Although he addresses his audience as “young men of learning,” the rest of the ballad implies that he, as is conventional in the broadside form, is a … The history of the French in Australia dates from the arrival of the La Perouse expedition at Botany Bay in January 1788, just days after the landing of the First Fleet, and French people have been living in Australia almost ever since. The … A third container terminal was completed in 2011. In 1931, King Alfonso XIII approved elections to decide the government of Spain, and voters overwhelmingly chose to abolish the monarchy in favor ...read more. Botany Bay, an open oceanic embayment,[2] is located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 13 km (8 mi) south of the Sydney central business district. Five Mile Press, Victoria, 1994. Bryant’s death sent shockwaves through the ...read more, On January 26, 2006, during a live broadcast of her daytime TV talk show, Oprah Winfrey confronts author James Frey about fabrications in “A Million Little Pieces,” his memoir about addiction and recovery, which she chose as an Oprah’s Book Club selection in September 2005. Botanist Joseph Banks recommended Botany Bay as the site for a penal colony. After World War II the mouth of the Cooks River was moved two kilometres west to make way for the airport extension. It's a controversial date in Australia, but for many Down Under, Australia Day, which falls on January 26 every year, is the perfect excuse for a few beers and a barbecue. [4], Lieutenant James Cook first landed at Kurnell, on the southern banks of Botany Bay, in what is now Silver Beach, on Sunday 29 April 1770, when navigating his way up the east coast of Australia on his ship, HMS Endeavour. Demonstrating ...read more, Soon after the Bolsheviks seized control in immense, troubled Russia in November 1917 and moved towards negotiating peace with the Central Powers, the former Russian state of Ukraine declares its total independence. After a voyage of three months the First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay on 24 January 1788. Pinzon’s journey produced the first recorded account of a European ...read more, During the Spanish Civil War, Barcelona, the Republican capital of Spain, falls to the Nationalist forces of General Francisco Franco. 2. Botany Bay in New South Wales", "Extract – Geographical Names Board of NSW", "Governor Phillip's Instructions 25 April 1787 (UK)", "Kurnell Peninsula: a guide to the plants, animals, ecology and landscapes", "Old & Abandoned Australia Public Group | Facebook", "Runescape puts botters on trial in Botany Bay and lets players decide their fate", Irish Examiner article concerning penal colony, Guildford West pipehead and water supply canal, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Botany_Bay&oldid=999499485, Geographic Names Register of NSW not in Wikidata, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Articles using infobox body of water without alt, Articles using infobox body of water without pushpin map alt, Articles using infobox body of water without image bathymetry, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from January 2013, Articles needing additional references from July 2015, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A song entitled "The Shores of Botany Bay" was written by, A song titled "Bound for Botany Bay" is featured on Irish singer-songwriter and guitarist, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 14:11. [11] On the southern side of the bay a section of water has been fenced off under the authority of the National Parks and Wildlife Service at Towra Point for environmental conservation purposes. The primitive huts built for the officers and officials quickly collapsed in rainstorms. The mouth of Botany Bay as it meets the Tasman Sea, as viewed from the air, above Kurnell, Black-eyed Sue and Sweet Poll of Plymouth, England, mourning their lovers who are soon to be transported to Botany Bay, 1792, Bicentennial Monument at Brighton-Le-Sands, Sydney Airport runway near Botany Bay beach, Sydney CBD skyline viewed from Botany Bay, The strikethrough is in the Cook's original, reflecting a change of mind sometime after leaving the Bay in 1770, Governor Phillip to Lord Sydney, 15 May 1788, cited in Britten (ed.) MacDougal, A.K. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. In recent times,[when?] The British established their first exile colony in New South Wales in 1788. The people living between the Cooks River and the Georges River were the Bidjigal clan; on the southern shores of the bay were the Gweagal clan, while on the northern shore it was the Kameygal clan. Mohandas Gandhi struggled through decades of passive resistance before Britain finally accepted Indian independence. He eventually chose a site at Sydney Cove in Port Jackson, near to Circular Quay in modern Sydney. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. The eastern blue groper[14] is the state fish of New South Wales; it is very tame and is commonly found following divers along the shoreline of Botany Bay. The guards who volunteered for duty in Australia seemed to be driven by exceptional sadism. The Chicago-based Pinkerton Detective ...read more, The dismembered body of Florence Polillo is found in a basket and several burlap sacks in Cleveland. Its source is the confluence of the Georges River at Taren Point and the Cooks River at Kyeemagh, which flows 10 km (6 mi) to the east before meeting its mouth at the Tasman Sea, midpoint between the suburbs of La Perouse and Kurnell. The people living between the Cooks River and the Georges River were the Bidjigal clan; on the southern shores of the bay were the Gweagal clan,[3] while on the northern shore it was the Kameygal clan. The prisoners were accompanied by marines, crew members, officials, and their families. The First Fleet was led by Captain Arthur Phillip. Figure 1 Open in figure viewer PowerPoint It is commonly reported that the colonisation of Australia was driven by the need to address overcrowding in the British prison system; however, it was simply not economically viable to transport convicts half way around the world for this reason alone.Many convicts were either skilled tradesmen or farmers who had been convicted for trivial crimes and were sentenced to seven years, the time required to set up the infrastructure for the new colony. Total Voyage to Botany Bay 24,180 km, over 250, 251 and 252 days at an average speed of 3 knots ...Departure of the First Fleet The First Fleet The First Fleet brought the first convict ships to Australia in 1788. Among the first group was a 70-year-old woman who had stolen cheese to eat. The land nearer to this crossing of Cooks River was cleared and settled quite early in the infancy of the new colony. ‘If we were to use … On 29 April 1770, Botany Bay was the site of James Cook's first landing of HMS Endeavour on the land mass of Australia, after his extensive navigation of New Zealand. ... Australia’s strategic importance was, according to Dwight Eisenhower, ‘vital to [the] successful prosecution of the war’. After an eight‐month journey riddled with death and disease, the fleet arrived in Botany Bay on 19 January 1788 to develop the first British colony in Australia. There are also a lot of bunkers around Botany Bay. [note 1][7], Eighteen years later, in 1788, Governor Arthur Phillip sailed the armed tender HMS Supply into the bay on 18 January. 18 January 1788 – The First Fleet arrived in Botany Bay but the landing party was not impressed with the site, and moved the fleet to Port Jackson, landing in Sydney Cove on 26 January 1788 (now celebrated as Australia Day). He was in his late twenties, a captain of the marines, and on the adventure of his life. Watkin Tench stepped ashore at Botany Bay with the First Fleet in January 1788. An Anthology of Classic Australian Folklore. Two days later the remaining ships of the First Fleet arrived to found the planned penal colony. La Boussole and l’Astrolabe in the Sandwich Islands, c.1786. The Voyage of Governor Phillip to Botany Bay. These were not hardened criminals by any measure; only a small minority were transported for violent offenses. The bay was the site in 1770 of . This first penal colony, known by the name 'Botany Bay', became synonymous with transportation to any of the 'penal settlements' in Australia. [7] Cook's log for 6 May 1770 records "The great quantity of these sort of fish found in this place occasioned my giving it the name of Stingrays Harbour". Accordingly, lawbreakers had to be either killed or exiled, since prisons were too expensive. Charles Gore (1788) / State Library of NSW Captain James Cook arrived in the Pacific 250 years ago, triggering British colonisation of the region. Alan Frost, Botany Bay, The Real Story, Black Inc. 2012. The island served as a convict penal settlement from March 1788 until May 1855. Moreton Bay was the site of conflict between the indigenous Quandamooka people and early … Baird’s invention, a pictorial-transmission machine he called a “televisor,” used ...read more, On January 26, 1979, “The Dukes of Hazzard,” a television comedy about two good-old-boy cousins in the rural South and their souped-up 1969 Dodge Charger known as the General Lee, debuts on CBS. The show, which originally aired for seven seasons, centered around cousins Bo Duke ...read more, On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guides a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding Australia. The land around the headlands of the bay is protected by the National Parks and Wildlife Service as Kamay Botany Bay National Park. In 1788, the First Fleet of convicts, led by Arthur Phillip, founded Sydney as a British penal colony, the first European settlement in Australia. Out of these plans came the first European habitation of Australia at Sydney Cove. The short straw was killed as painlessly as possible and a judge was then shipped in to put the other two on trial, one playing the role of killer, the other as witness. In 1789, Captain John Hunter surveyed Botany Bay after returning from the Cape of Good Hope, trading for grain. The shipping of con-victs to Australia was the largest single migration the world had seen at the time (Hill, 2008). The speaker of this ballad (circa 1828) laments the fact that, though he was born of “honest parents,” he became “a roving blade” and has been convicted of an unspecified crime for which he has been sentenced to “Botany Bay,” a popular name for Australia. Alvarez was downed over Hon Gai during the first bombing raids against ...read more, On January 26, 1986, in New Orleans, Louisiana, the Chicago Bears score a Super Bowl record number of points to defeat the New England Patriots, 46-10, and win their first championship since 1963. Led by Coach Mike Ditka, a tight end for the Bears during their last Super Bowl ...read more, On January 26, 1961, just about a week after his inauguration, President John F. Kennedy appoints Janet Travell, 59, as his personal physician, making her the first woman in history to hold the post. Even small violations of the rules could result in a punishment of 100 lashes by the cat o’nine tails. Crucially, Phillip worried that his fledgling colony was exposed to attack from Aborigines or foreign powers. Seven months later, the fleet arrived between January 18 and 20 1788. The significance of the Bombing of Darwin on the 19th February 1942, by over 260 Imperial Japanese aircraft is unjustifiably neglected by politics, … After overcoming a period of hardship, the fledgling colony began to celebrate the anniversary of this date with ...read more, U.S. Navy Lt. Everett Alvarez Jr. spends his 2,000th day in captivity in Southeast Asia. On January 26, 2020, a helicopter carrying former pro basketball player Kobe Bryant, his 13-year-old daughter Gianna and seven others crashed in Calabasas, California, roughly 30 miles north of Los Angeles; everyone onboard died. The action was in response to the Soviet military invasion of Afghanistan the previous month. All Rights Reserved. Two days later, Governor Phillip sailed north to Port Jackson with a small expedition party where he discovered and named Sydney Cove. Here the Aboriginal people, who had lived in isolation for 40,000 years, met the British in an uneasy stand off at what is now known as Frenchmans Beach at La Perouse. Convicts who attempted to escape were sent to tiny Norfolk Island, 600 miles east of Australia, where the conditions were even more inhumane. Land was reclaimed from the bay to extend its first north–south runway and to build a second, parallel, runway. That history didn’t end in Botany Bay, 1788, and it’s high points, although they are among them, isn’t just Gallipoli 1915, or in the numerous corrections to sporadic injustices carried out by a Social Darwinist induced indifference towards Indigenous Australians. The first voyage claimed the lives of nearly 10 percent of the prisoners, which remarkably proved to be a rather good rate. Some of its runways go out into the bay. The Macmillan Company of Australia Pty Ltd, Sydney 1984. On later trips, up to a third of the unwilling passengers died on the way. It sparked a panic in Cleveland, where the unknown murderer was dubbed the “Mad ...read more, At the request of President Jimmy Carter, the U.S. Olympic Committee votes to ask the International Olympic Committee to cancel or move the upcoming Moscow Olympics. Eventually, Swan River (Western Australia) would become a third penal colony when the failing settlement requested an injection of convict labourers (1850-1868). Marking the day in 1788, when British settlers arrived on Australian shores for the first time and Captain Arthur Phillip raised the Union Jack at Sydney Cove, the celebration has been part of the national calendar since 1935, and a … Those who were taken to Australia had committed a range of … Philips was tasked with setting up the first penal colonies on this new land, with Botany Bay the destination and site in mind. The fleet reached Botany Bay in January 1788, but nearby Sydney Cove was selected as a more suitable site for the new settlement, which later became the city of Sydney. First contact was made with the local Indigenous people, the Eora, who seemed curious but suspicious of the newcomers. Botany Bay has a diverse marine population, and the area around its entrance is a popular area for scuba diving. Thus, they could not be rehabilitated and simply required separation from the genetically pure and law-abiding citizens. However, the land was quickly ruled unsuitable for settlement as there was insufficient fresh water; Phillip also believed the swampy foreshores would render any colony unhealthy as the bay was open and unprotected, the water too shallow to allow the ships to anchor close to the shore, and the soil was poor. First Australian penal colony established, https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-australian-penal-colony-established. With the American victory in the Revolutionary War, transgressors could no longer be shipped off across the Atlantic, and the English looked for a colony in the other direction. The western shore of Botany Bay remained in its virgin state for almost fifty years after the initial settlement of Sydney Town. Weedy sea dragons are just one of hundreds of territorial marine creatures found within Botany Bay. First taken prisoner when his plane was shot down on August 5, 1964, he became the longest-held POW in U.S. history. Crisis threatened at once. Two runways of Sydney Airport extend into the bay, as do some port facilities. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Archaeological evidence from the shores of Botany Bay has yielded evidence of an Aboriginal settlement dating back 5,000 years. As the First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay in January 1788, little did they know that historians in years to come would be disputing the real reasons for the British Government’s plans to establish a colony there. The British realized that the Bay was not suitable for establishing an exile colony, due to soil dampness and openness of … And named Sydney Cove shortly afterwards a penal colony are about to be transported to Botany on... Later the British established their first exile colony in Australia Soviet military invasion of Afghanistan the previous.... Way for the Airport extension a “ game ” in which groups of three months the first habitation. Marine creatures found within Botany Bay National Park that does n't look right click... The cat o ’ nine tails genetically pure and law-abiding citizens the arrival of the upper and ruling classes 18th! Now to learn about this Day in history straight from your inbox at... 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